Kinds of Sentence and Examples

Declarative

Definition:

A sentence in the form of a statement (in contrast to a command, a question, or an exclamation).

In a declarative sentence, the subject normally precedes the predicate. A declarative sentence ends with a period.

Definition: The declarative sentence or declaration, is the most important type. You can, and often will write entire essays or reports using only declarative sentences, and you should always use them far more often than the other four types of sentences (declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory). A declarative sentence simply states a fact or argument, states an idea, without requiring either an answer or action from the reader, it does not give a command or request, nor does it ask a question. You punctuate your declarative sentences with a simple period.

Formation:
subject + predicate

Declarative sentences consist of a subject and a predicate. The subject may be a simple subject or a compound subject.

For example:

  • His name is Jhon.

In this sentence, the subject is “his name” and the predicate is “is Jhon”.

Examples:

  • Mario plays the piano.
  • I hope you can come tomorrow.
  • We’ve forgotten the sugar.
  • Ottawa is the capital of Canada.

 

 

Exclamatory

Definition:

Exclamative sentences are used to make exclamations. These are also referred to as exclamative sentences or exclamatives. These are used to express strong feelings, strong emphasis or emotion.

Exclamative sentence can begin with “what” or “how”

For example

  • What a naughty dog he is!
  • What an amazing game that was!
  • How well everyone played!

Examples

  • What a stupid man he is!
  • What a surprise!
  • What a nice hat you’ve got!
  • How wonderful you look!
  • I hate homework!

Interrogative

Definition: An interrogative sentence is a type of sentence which usually asks a question and use a question mark (?). They may ask for information or for confirmation or denial of a statement. They typically begin with a question word such as what, who, or how, or an auxiliary verb such as do/does, can or would.

For example:

  • Do you speak French?
  • Will you go to the supermarket for me?
  • How can I do that?

Types
There are four types of interrogative sentences.

Yes/No Interrogatives

Yes/No questions usually will be answered by yes or no.

 

For example:

  • Will you bring your book?

* => Answer: Yes or No)

  • Did she pass the test?

* => Answer: Yes or No)

Alternative Interrogatives

Alternative interrogativse offer two or more alternative responses:

For example:

  • Should I telephone you or send an email?
  • Do you want bear, wine, or wisky?

Yes/no interrogatives and alternative interrogatives are introduced by an auxiliary verb.

 

Wh- Interrogatives

Wh- Interrogatives are introduced by a wh- word, and they elicit an open-ended response:

For example:

  • What happened?
  • Where do you work?
  • Who won the Cup Final in 1997?

 

Tag Questions

They are sometimes tagged onto the end of a declarative sentence.

For example:

  • David plays the piano, doesn’t he?
  • We’ve forgotten the milk, haven’t we?
  • There’s a big match tonight, isn’t there?

 

 

Imperative

Definition:

A type of sentence that gives advice or instructions or that expresses a request or command. (Compare with sentences that make a statement, ask a question, or express an exclamation.)

An imperative sentence typically begins with the base form of a verb, as in Go now! The implied subject you is said to be “understood” (or elliptical): (You) go now!

Example: Cheryl, try the other door.

Sometimes the subject of an imperative sentence (you) is understood.

Example: Look in the closet. (You, look in the closet.)

 

Identify the kind of sentence. The first two have been done for you.

  1. Why do you believe that? interrogative
  2. I want to know why you believe that. declarative (This is not a question.)
  3. Please accept my apology.
  4. Your face is frightening the baby!
  5. My shoe is on fire!
  6. When did you first notice that your shoe was on fire?
  7. My doctor told me to take these vitamins.
  8. Ask Doris for the recipe.
  9. Did you solve the puzzle yet?
  10. Ann, hand me your coat.
  11. It’s hard to believe that this paper is made from wood.
  12. There are more apples in the refrigerator.
  13. We’re on the wrong planet!
  14. Will Patricia pause to place poached pickles on Paula’s pretty plate?
  15. I would send her a gift if I were you.
  16. Send her a nice gift.

 

Posted on October 18, 2012, in education. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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